Quick List of Penalties & Definitions
Hockey Violations are divided into three basic categories:
- Violations that result in a face-off
- Violations that result in a player being awarded a penalty shot
- Violations that result in a player being sent to the penalty box for a specified period of time
The following is a brief explanation of each category or type of violation. Naturally, there are technical aspects of each rule that will, at various times, determine whether or not the violation is called.
- Off-Side - An offensive player may not precede the puck across the blue line into the offensive zone.
- Icing - A team, when both teams have an equal number of players on the ice, may not shoot the puck from behind the center red line over their opponent's goal line (except if the puck goes into the goal)
A penalty shot is most commonly awarded if:
- A player, while in a scoring position, is fouled from behind and deprived of a scoring opportunity; or
- A defensive player grabs or falls on the puck when it is in the goal crease.
To take a penalty shot, an offensive player takes control of the puck at center ice and tries to score against the opposing goaltender. All other players are removed from the action.
For the following penalties, the penalized team must play minus the number of players serving such penalties, with one exception: the penalized team can have no fewer than four players, including the goaltender, on the ice (delayed penalty):
- Minor Penalty - Two minutes. If a team is scored upon while they are shorthanded because of a minor penalty, the penalty shall terminate immediately.
- Major Penalty - Five minutes. Does not terminate early for any reason.
- Match Penalty - Five or ten minutes, depending upon the violation, and is served by a teammate. If assessed a match penalty, the offending player is ejected for the balance of the game and may not play in future games until the case has been reviewed by league administrators.
For the following penalties, the team will replace the penalized player on the ice immediately:
- Misconduct - Ten Minutes, served in the Penalty Box
- Game Misconduct - Ejection for the balance of the game and the player or coach will serve an additional one game suspension.
- Gross Misconduct - Ejection for the balance of the game and the player may not participate in any future games until the case has been reviewed by league administrators
Quick List of Penalties
Slashing - Hitting or swinging at an opponent with the stick??
Holding - Impeding the progress of an opponent by using the hand, stick or other??
Elbowing - Checking an opponent with the stick??Hooking - Using the stick to impede the progress of an opponent
Tripping - An action against an opponent's leg which causes the opponent to fall
Charging - Body checking an opponent at an excessive speed; checking or pushing from behind??
High-Sticking - Carrying the stick above normal shoulder-height. If the violation results in an injury to an opponent, a major penalty should be assessed
Interference - Impeding the progress of an opponent who is not in possession of the puck
Cross-Checking - Checking an opponent with the stick across the body
??Boarding - Driving an opposing player into the boards with a bodycheck??
Spearing - Called for using the stick like a spear??
Checking From Behind - An extremely dangerous action characterized by a player checking an opponent directly from behind. Parents, players, coaches and referees must all work to eliminate this infraction from our sport
Please note: USA Hockey updates penalties and their infractions on a yearly basis.